Integrated smoking cessation and breastfeeding program
This study enrolls pregnant women who smoke cigarettes. The purpose of this study is to learn what types of smoking cessation (quit smoking) programs help women quit while also supporting breastfeeding.
You will be in this study for up to 18 months, depending on how far along you are when you enroll. During the study, you will complete surveys, visits, and aprenatal smoking and breastfeeding program. Study takes place from your own home and/or at UB South Campus.
We are proposing the first randomized controlled trial to integrate maternal smoking cessation and breastfeeding interventions to enhance both anti-cancer behaviors. We will recruit 40 daily smoking women in their early pregnancy (20 weeks) from local obstetric clinics and communities. After baseline assessments, they will be randomized into either the intervention (N=20) or control group (N=20). The intervention group will receive an integrated multicomponent intervention that promotes smoking cessation and breastfeeding (i.e., education and counseling, monitoring and feedback, contingent financial incentives, and social support). The control group will only receive health education on smoking and infant feeding. Main outcomes include smoking abstinence and breastfeeding rates at 9 months postpartum. We will also test the feasibility of collecting urine and breast milk/nipple aspirate fluid for assaying for assaying lung (total NNAL) and breast cancer (estradiol) biomarkers, respectively.
Compensation may include cash, checks, gift cards, debit cards, or incentives like gift baskets, technology items, or merchandise.
Adult women, ages 18+.
Currently pregnant (at 29 weeks of pregnancy or earlier).
Have smoked 1+ cigarettes per day in the past week.
Must enroll with a family support person (a partner or family member). This person must have a close relationship and frequent contacts with the pregnant woman and be willing to support breastfeeding.
Due to COVID-19, new enrollment in research studies will be greatly limited.
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