Study About Stressful Experiences in Preschoolers
Protocol: STUDY00003094
Full Title
Peer and family adversity, neuroendocrine regulation, and school readiness across the transition to kindergarten.
Description
This study enrolls children ages 3-5 who attend certain Buffalo child care centers and their parents. This study is looking at early stressful experiences in the family and with friends at school. We are trying to find out how these experiences impact school readiness when children transition from preschool to kindergarten. We are also exploring how stressful experiences "get under the skin" and are measured in the stress hormone cortisol that we can measure in hair and saliva.

Participation involves parents and children completing questionnaires and providing hair and saliva samples. The study will take place at the child’s participating child care center.

This study only enrolls in certain participating child care centers. If your child attends a participating child care center, you may be invited to enroll.

Technical Description

The current proposal is a multi-method, longitudinal study of the role of early adversity in the development of school readiness, which has clear theoretical, educational, clinical, and policy implications. We propose to assess the unique and interactive effects of family adversity (e.g., harsh and inconsistent parenting, low income) and peer adversity (i.e., peer victimization, peer rejection, and friendlessness), on the development of multiple indicators of school readiness (i.e., academic functioning, executive functioning, and social behavioral skills like sharing and including others) that are critical for a success transition to kindergarten and formal school. Further, we will examine whether early family and peer adversity get under the skin by altering stress system functioning, as measured by the hormone cortisol, and whether stress dysregulation in turn impairs school readiness. We will test the legacy of early experiences on kindergarten school readiness, beyond the role of ongoing adversity.
Compensation: No
Eligibility
Children ages 3-5.
Must be attending one of the participating child care centers in the larger Buffalo metro area.
Age Group: Both Adults and Children
Want to Learn More?
Let us know how the study team can reach you. If you do not hear back within 2 business days, reach out to the study team directly at the contact information above or email ctsiresearch@buffalo.edu and someone will assist you.
Thank you for your interest. This study has restricted recruiting for participants and is not accepting inquiries at this time. If you are interested in learning more about research at UB contact ctsiresearch@buffalo.edu.